Usually, a job that requires an employee to work fewer hours per week than an employee who is performing as full-time. However, these hours may vary in different organizations. There is no one standard time duration that determines how many hours per day or week define a part-time position. An employer mainly designates employment status.
But most countries have labor laws and the part-time jobs of any organization are defined based on the law of that country. For instance, The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics determines part-time employees who work less than 35 hours a week. Many companies also incorporate a definition of a part-time employee according to their policies. For example, world online business giant Amazon is maintaining three categories to determine the certain benefits of part-time jobs. Thus, employers and country labor laws define part-time jobs and workers.
Traditionally, a full-time worker has to perform 40 hours per week while a part-time worker works less than 40 hours a week. But besides working hours there are some other differences between part-time and full-time jobs. Full-time workers are on the company payroll and receive many benefits. However, part-time workers are not eligible to get as many benefits as full-time workers in many companies. Furthermore, the expansion of the gig economy has added many different dimensions to the job market. Now an individual who is working for a couple of hours for a company is considered an independent contractor or self-employed instead of a part-time worker.
Though part-time workers get fewer benefits compared to full-time employees, many companies offer attractive remuneration for part-time employees too. In some cases, the benefits are statutory and provided by the country’s law. Many companies provide opportunities for skill development, tuition assistance, and health facilities for part-time employees.